Node.js vs Golang – Which is most suitable for your next development project?
Having a robust and reliable backend is a boon to the success of an app. It is the most essential part of the app as it takes care of the entire complex operations and business logic to keep the app fully functional and qualitative. Many factors come into play such as scalability, system security and performance while defining the app’s backend.
Choosing the right tool may seem an uphill task for start-ups and entrepreneurs desirous of getting their app developed. There are numerous tech stack available in the industry today, it entirely depends which is suitable for your business idea; which is your target audience; which programming language would best suit your business purpose; how well versant are people with the language you use for your app; what kind of application you desire to be developed and last but not the least – does your preferred tech stack have the apt community support and robust ecosystem.
Mtoag Technologies is in the forefront of using newest and innovative technology structures for web and mobile app development since the past decade. We are efficiently employing the latest and in vogue technologies such as Ruby on Rails, Python, Go, Node.js amongst others for backend development. Out of the above, Node.js and Go aka Golang are the topics of discussion. Read on to know about the intricacies, benefits through the comparisons of their features to come up to the correct decision for selecting the right tool for your business. So before we start off, let us understand the basics of both of them.
On the other hand, Go – a Google innovation, is a cross platform, past paced programming language that was also developed in 2009. The idea behind creating Go was to take the good features of existing languages to overcome commonly faced problems by the developers. Over the years it is slowly and steadily gaining acceptance in the development community. Having multi-purpose features, it is considered good for backend development. Developers are attracted to the simplicity and easy writing ability of the Go language for delivering a maintainable code.
Go is a statically typed language which imparts the highest efficiency and is akin to speed and syntax of the C language. It efficiently provides robust Go-routines for faster development, has a garbage collector along with an embedded testing environs.
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It has figured on statistic indexes such as Tiobe Index as the Programming Language in 2009 and attained the 16th position in 2019. Statistics from Stack Overflow Development Survey have also concluded Go as the fast progressive and popular programming language of 2018. Well-known companies such as Google, Intel, Docker, Netflix, Basecamp, Medium, SoundCloud, BBC, Uber, Koding, Upguard amongst others have shifted to Go.
Comparison of Node.js and Go
o Go is based on the C language and is more robust and agile in nature. It efficiently takes care of memory confined tasks with élan. The inbuilt garbage collector frees the memory not being required so that it can be reused. Result: Excellent
Node.js works on the event callback structure and uses a single threaded mechanism. Hence, concurrency is a problematic issue with it and cannot be accomplished. The app performance is hindered in time of peak traffic. Result: Poor
Go uses Go-routines which are concurrency programming techniques that help in executing numerous separate flows while maintaining communication flow between them? This helps in increasing the app performance by using the CPU efficiently without using too much RAM for handling thousands of requests concurrently. There is less chance of the app crashing under high load at peak time. Result: Excellent
Node.js has a weaker parallel process and is not suitable for larger project development work. Result: Poor
Golang uses Go-routines which allow multiple threads to perform parallel tasks at a single go. Result: Excellent
Node.js development uses the traditional throw catch error technique, wherein errors are fixed immediately as soon as they occur. Result: Medium
Go poses a problem for developers with its explicit runtime and compilation time error mechanism. Result: Difficult
For Node.js developers, whether fresher or experienced, there are vast learning options available online as well as offline which is beneficial for Node.js development. Result: Excellent
Go is apparently new in comparison to Node.js with fewer resources and options to enhance learning for both naïve as well as experienced programmers. Learning curve is more on the trial and error method currently. Result: Poor
Go developers have to make do with what little is available in the industry. There are very few libraries, tools and packages available. Result: Poor
Though there is a steady growth in Go development, there are very few developers available for Go development. It will take time for the developers community to be convinced by Go to move over to it. Currently only 4.9% developers use Go. Result: Poor
Node.js has a wide community support. Result: Excellent
Go is new and in its infant stage for community support. Result: Poor
Node.js development is not suitable for Blockchain implementation for Crypto Currency development. Result: Poor
Go language is more agile and simplified for incorporating Blockchain technology and is considered the blue eyed boy for Crypto Currency development. Result: Excellent
There are pros and cons in both Node.js development and Golang and for a layman it may seem an uphill task to decide to go with which technology for their business mobile app development. Mtoag can help you make the right decision according to your specific requirements for development of your project.